Because of its potent and versatile properties, azelaic acid is a naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid that is widely used in skincare products. It has gained enormous popularity as a skincare ingredient in recent years and is frequently recommended by dermatologists and aestheticians alike. In this article, we'll delve into the world of azelaic acid, looking at its benefits, side effects, and how to incorporate it into your skincare routine.
What exactly is azelaic acid?
Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid found in whole grain cereals like barley and wheat, as well as in the yeast that grows on our skin. For decades, it has been used to treat skin conditions such as acne and rosacea, and it has been shown to be effective in reducing redness, inflammation, and hyperpigmentation.
Skin Advantages of Azelaic Acid
Treatment for acne
One of azelaic acid's best-known benefits is its ability to effectively treat acne. It works by inhibiting the growth of Propionibacterium acnes, the bacteria that causes acne, and by reducing the production of sebum, the oil that clogs pores and causes breakouts. Furthermore, azelaic acid has been shown to exfoliate the skin, assisting in the unclogging of pores and the prevention of future breakouts.
Azelaic acid has been shown to have anti-aging properties in addition to its acne-fighting properties. It has been shown to increase the production of collagen, a protein essential for maintaining the elasticity and firmness of the skin, as well as decrease the production of enzymes that break down collagen, thereby preventing premature aging.
Azelaic acid has also been shown to reduce hyperpigmentation, such as age spots, sun spots, and melasma. It works by inhibiting melanin production, the pigment that gives skin its color, and removing dark spots, resulting in a more even skin tone.
Azelaic acid is commonly used to treat rosacea, a skin condition characterized by redness, flushing, and bumps, in addition to its benefits for acne and hyperpigmentation. It has been shown to reduce redness and inflammation, helping to calm the skin and prevent flare-ups.
Azelaic Acid Adverse Reactions
While azelaic acid is generally thought to be safe, there are a few potential side effects to be aware of. When using azelaic acid, some people may experience dryness, itching, or burning sensations, especially if they have sensitive skin. Furthermore, azelaic acid can cause photosensitivity, making it more difficult for your skin to protect itself from UV radiation's damaging effects. If you experience any discomfort or side effects while using azelaic acid, stop using it and consult your dermatologist.