Solar energy is becoming a more popular source of energy in both developed and developing countries. Solar energy has the potential to provide electricity to millions of people who do not currently have access to it in developing countries. In this article, we will look at how solar energy is used to power developing countries and how it affects people's lives.
The Problem of Electricity Access in Developing Countries
Electricity is a basic need that is frequently overlooked in developed countries. However, in many developing countries, a sizable portion of the population lacks reliable access to electricity. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that approximately 759 million people worldwide lack access to electricity, with 90% of these people living in Sub-Saharan Africa and developing Asia.
People's lives are significantly impacted by a lack of access to electricity. People cannot light their homes, refrigerate food, or charge electronic devices without electricity. Electricity is also required for healthcare facilities, schools, and businesses to function properly.
How Solar Energy is Increasing Electricity Access
Solar energy is a promising solution to the problem of developing-country access to electricity. Solar panels can be installed in remote areas that are not connected to the power grid, providing people with reliable power. Solar energy is also a clean and renewable energy source, making it an appealing option for countries seeking to reduce their carbon footprint.
Many African and Asian countries are currently investing in solar energy to improve access to electricity. For instance, the Indian government launched the "Saubhagya" scheme in 2016, with the goal of providing electricity to all households in the country by 2019. Solar panels will be installed in remote areas that are not connected to the grid as part of the scheme.
Kenya's government has also made substantial investments in solar energy. The government launched the "Last Mile Connectivity Project" in 2013, with the goal of connecting households in remote areas to the electricity grid using solar energy. The project was a success, as more than 3 million households are now connected to the grid.
Solar Energy's Impact on People's Lives
Solar energy has had a significant impact on people's lives in developing countries. People who have access to electricity can light their homes, charge their phones, and run their businesses more efficiently. Access to healthcare and education has also improved as a result of solar energy. Healthcare facilities can now operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week, thanks to refrigerators that store vaccines and medical supplies. Schools can provide students with computer and internet access, enhancing their education and future opportunities.
Solar energy has also had a positive environmental impact. Developing countries can reduce their carbon footprint and contribute to global efforts to combat climate change by using solar energy instead of fossil fuels.
Solar Energy Adoption Challenges in Developing Countries
Despite the numerous advantages of solar energy, there are still barriers to its widespread adoption in developing countries. The high cost of installation is one of the most significant challenges. While the price of solar panels has come down in recent years, it remains a significant barrier for many people in developing countries.
Another issue is a lack of technical expertise and knowledge in the installation and maintenance of solar panels. This can lead to improperly installed panels and inefficient solar energy use.
Finally, lack of access to financing is a significant barrier to solar energy adoption in developing countries. Many people do not have the financial resources to invest in solar panels, and financing options are limited.
In conclusion, solar energy has the potential to provide access to electricity for millions of people in developing countries. People can use solar energy to light their homes, charge their phones, and run their businesses more efficiently. Solar energy has also improved access to healthcare and education while having a positive environmental impact.